Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids. It usually affects the margins (edges) of the eyelids. It is usually not serious, but may become an uncomfortable, irritating problem. Blepharitis usually affects both eyes and is typically chronic (lasts longer than 6 weeks).
Blepharitis may make the eyelids look inflamed (red and slightly swollen) or greasy. Sometimes tiny flakes appear on the eyelids which look like small flakes of dandruff. Crusts may develop at the base of eyelashes.
The exact cause of blepharitis is not known but it has a tendency to flare and then ease off in severity. If you have blepharitis, you are likely to always have a tendency to have it. There is no cure for blepharitis as the inflammation tends to recur. However, symptoms can usually be eased with regular treatment of warm compresses and baby shampoo scrubs. Antibiotic eye ointment or drops may be advised for a while if an eyelid becomes infected. Artificial tears may be advised as well, as patients with blepharitis may have dry eye syndrome. Rubbing your eyelids may make inflammation worse.